The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission enforces
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, Equal Pay Act of 1963, Age Discrimination in
Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of
1973, Titles I and V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), and the
Civil Rights Act of 1991 (see the Laws page). Instructions
are provided for Federal employees to file a complaint. There is a
National Enforcement Plan that identifies priority issues for administrative
enforcement and litigation. EEOC also requires that agencies develop Affirmative
Employment Programs as directed by Management Directives (MDs).
The Office of Personnel Management establishes
Federal personnel policy, shown in a topical
index , with updates posted as Federal
Register documents .
- Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title
29, Part 1604 contains guidelines on discrimination based on gender. (Under
"Following Citations to CFR" section, search on Title 29 and Section 1604.)
- CFR Title 29, Part 1606
on discrimination based on national origin. (Under "Following Citations"
section, search on Title 29 and Section 1606.)
- CFR Title 29, Part 1607
Uniform Guidelines of Employee Selection Procedures. (Under "Following Citations"
section, search on Title 29 and Section 1607.)
- CFR title 29, Part 1614
Federal sector EEO. (Under "Following Citations" section, search on Title
29 and Section 1614.)
- CFR Title 29, Subpart 1614.601
each agency to establish a system to collect and maintain accurate employment information
on the race, national origin, sex, and disability of its employees. (Under "Following
Citations" section, search on Title 29 and Section 1614.)
- CFR Title 29, Part 1690
procedures for the prescribed coordination between the EEOC and other Federal agencies
having responsibility for enforcement of statutes, regulations, Executive Orders,
and policies that require equal employment opportunity without regard to race, color,
national origin, sex, religion, age, or disability (Under "Following Citations"
section, search on Title 29 and Section 1690.)
OPM also requires that agencies establish
- Federal Equal Opportunity Recruitment Program (FEORP)
- Disabled Veterans Affirmative Action Program (DVAAP)
The Office of Management and Budget , in the revisions
to directive 15, establishes the standards on race and ethnicity to be used by Federal
agencies and the U.S. Census.
The Merit System Protection Board is the guardian
of the Federal Government's merit-based system of employment, primarily by hearing
and deciding appeals from Federal employees of removals and other major personnel
actions. The Board also hears and decides other types of civil service cases, reviews
significant actions and regulations of the Office of Personnel Management, and conducts
studies of the merit systems.
The U.S. Office of Special Counsel (OSC) is an
independent federal investigative and prosecutorial agency. Our basic authorities
come from three federal statutes, the Civil Service Reform Act, the Whistleblower
Protection Act, and the Hatch Act.